Obesity is a chronic disease characterised by an increase in body fat and the ensuing increase in weight. Consequently, there is a rise in the body’s energy reserves in the form of fat. It is considered a chronic because it forms part of a group of diseases that cannot be cured with existing medicines. Obesity occurs in individuals in whom both a genetic predisposition to this condition and triggering environmental factors are present.
Genetic tests study a person’s genetic predisposition to obesity and its related disorders, such as dyslipidaemia. They also provide information on their individual response to interventions aimed at reducing obesity and reveal genetically-determined nutritional needs.
This information enables physicians to:
- Make recommendations and take more effective steps to control obesity and prevent the development of related diseases.
- Be aware of the existence of genetic variants that intervene in regulating body weight.
- Know the causes of obesity or the predisposition to becoming obese.
- Know the response to certain interventions (dieting and exercise).
- Be aware of the existence of genetic variants that intervene in the development of related diseases.
- Know the causes of or predisposition to developing other associated diseases that pose a cardiovascular risk.
- Design the most appropriate strategy.
- Establish customised lifestyle guidelines.
- Make recommendations and take more effective actions (qualitative composition of diet and exercise).
- Take more appropriate preventive actions.